We’ve enjoyed AMD’s Ryzen processors for their high core counts and outstanding worth, however they have actually had one significant weak point because their very first generation: even worse video gaming efficiency than Intel, due to slower single-core speeds. Each subsequent Ryzen release has actually narrowed the space, however Intel has actually kept the video gaming crown with grim decision – up until today. AMD’s brand-new Ryzen 5000 processor lineup has actually lastly equalised with Intel when it pertains to single-core efficiency, suggesting this is the minute that Ryzen can make our full-throated suggestion for video gaming.
In this piece, we’ll be examining the 2 Zen 3 chips we have actually gotten ahead of launch: the mid-range Ryzen 7 5800X and the high-end Ryzen 9 5900X. (The mainstream Ryzen 5 5600X and flagship Ryzen 9 5950X must be detailed in an approaching evaluation.)
We’ll be putting them through our CPU benchmarking suite, which was initially developed to show that even Intel’s then-flagship, the Core i7 8700K, wasn’t able to run all video games at 60fps. It so occurred that this suite likewise highlighted Ryzen’s video gaming shortages more than a lot of canned benchmark series utilized somewhere else – so consider it an extremely difficult exercise that will offer last recognition that AMD has actually done it.
So how are AMD able to declare such a huge shift in efficiency from Ryzen 3000 to Ryzen 5000, thinking about that both processor lines are used the very same 7nm procedure? While there have actually been great deals of modifications behind the scenes, one significant factor is that Zen 3 core complexes now consist of as much as 8 cores each, instead of the as much as 4 cores we saw on Zen 2. That suggests 6 and eight-core styles, like the Ryzen 5600X and 5800X, never ever require to send out information through the reasonably sluggish Infinity Fabric user interface to reach a far-off core, while bigger styles like the 5900X a minimum of take that efficiency charge less regularly. It likewise suggests that all 8 cores in a Zen 3 CCX have access to the very same 32MB of L3 cache, compared to Zen 2 where the 32MB was divided in between the 2 complexes. As these are architectural modifications, AMD hasn’t required to turn to pressing more power into the chip, so ranked TDPs for each processor stay the like the last-generation examples.
|Ryzen 5950X||Zen 3 16C/32T||4.9GHz||3.4GHz||72MB||105W||$799|
|Ryzen 5900X||Zen 3 12C/24T||4.8GHz||3.7GHz||70MB||105W||$549|
|Ryzen 5800X||Zen 3 8C/16T||4.7GHz||3.8GHz||36MB||105W||$449|
|Ryzen 5600X||Zen 3 6C/12T||4.6GHz||3.7GHz||35MB||65W||$299|
|Ryzen 3950X||Zen 2 16C/32T||4.7GHz||3.5GHz||72MB||105W||$749|
|Ryzen 3900X||Zen 2 12C/24T||4.6GHz||3.8GHz||70MB||105W||$499|
|Ryzen 3800X||Zen 2 8C/16T||4.5GHz||3.9GHz||36MB||105W||$399|
|Ryzen 3700X||Zen 2 8C/16T||4.4GHz||3.6GHz||36MB||105W||$329|
|Ryzen 3600X||Zen 2 6C/12T||4.4GHz||3.8GHz||35MB||95W||$249|
|Ryzen 3600||Zen 2 6C/12T||4.2GHz||3.6GHz||35MB||65W||$199|
We’ll go over worth in more information in the future, however for now it deserves pointing out that each of these Ryzen 5000 processors debuts at a launch rate $50 greater than its predecessors. Combined with the reality that third-gen Ryzen has actually been sturdily marked down – when supply enables – over the previous twelve months, and you’re taking a look at a considerable rate distinction in between present and next-gen offerings. For example, the Ryzen 3900X currently sits at £384 on Amazon UK, down from its launch price of £499, and the new 5900X costs £510 at pre-order. That’s a 25 per cent margin, and it could well expand if there isn’t sufficient supply of the new CPUs. So are we going to see a corresponding 25 per cent boost in performance, or indeed anything close to it?
Let’s begin to answer that by briefly discussing our test setup, before we start looking at some content creation results and then move into the gaming benchmarks. We tested each processor on our standard Windows 10 installation, updated to the most recent version (2004) to ensure that all of the latest security fixes and CPU topology awareness improvements are in place. The most recent AMD chipset drivers were also installed. Each app and game we tested was installed to fast NVMe storage, in this case the Samsung 970 Evo 2TB provided by Box.
We performed our Ryzen 5000 testing on the Asus ROG Crossfire 8 X570 motherboard, one of four available options with compatible BIOSes available pre-launch, with additional AMD testing on the Asus ROG Strix B550-F Gaming Wi-Fi. For our Intel chips, we used the MSI MPG Gaming Carbon Wifi, with our ninth-gen results on the Asus ROG Maximus 11 Extreme.
In all cases, we used G.Skill Trident Z Royal 3600MHz CL16 RAM, set to its XMP profile in the BIOS, a spec that hits the present performance sweet spot. Overclockers and Alphacool provided the Eisbaer Aurora 240mm AiO liquid coolers used for our testing, while our PSU is an 850W unit from Gamer Storm. Finally, we used an Nvidia RTX 2080 Ti for our testing, as RTX 3080 cards remain in short supply.
Right – with that preamble out of the way, let’s get into the content creation results. We tested the two Ryzen 5000 processors sampled to us against a selection of Intel and AMD competitors in two scenarios: rendering a 3D scene in professional graphics package Cinema 4D, simulated by Cinebench R20, and encoding one of our high quality Patreon videos into both h.264 and h.265 (HEVC) formats using the Handbrake video transcoder app.
Cinebench tests both single and multi-threaded performance, and often proves a good predictor of trends we’ll see in the later gaming results. AMD promised increased single-core performance, and by George did they provide just that. The 625 and 638 single-core scores recorded by the Ryzen 5800X and 5900X are the highest we’ve ever seen, leading the previous AMD champ (the 3800XT) by 18 per cent and the best Intel chip (the 10900K) by 17 per cent.
Multi-threaded performance here is also impressively high, with the 6185 score managed by the 5800X coming very close to the 3900X’s 7032 – despite the brand-new chip having 50 percent fewer physical cores. It’s also within spitting distance of the 10900K, a 10-core CPU also known for its great single-core performance, which manages a score of 6337. The 5900X manages 8564 in the same test, a powerful result that exceeds the 10900K by 35 percent. This is a strong early indicator that these CPUs will live up to AMD’s big claims.
|CB R20 1T||CB R20 MT||HB h.264||HB HEVC||HEVC Power Use|
|Ryzen 9 5900X||638||8564||60.49fps||25.42fps||219W|
|Ryzen 7 5800X||625||6185||43.72fps||19.41fps||214W|
|Ryzen 9 3950X||514||9249||64.73fps||25.59fps||296W|
|Ryzen 9 3900XT||538||7101||51.91fps||20.49fps||221W|
|Ryzen 9 3900X||514||7032||51.80fps||20.29fps||228W|
|Ryzen 7 3800XT||540||5164||37.14fps||15.83fps||177W|
|Ryzen 7 3700X||494||4730||35.05fps||14.67fps||152W|
|Ryzen 5 3600X||490||3705||27.54fps||11.81fps||149W|
|Ryzen 3 3300X||503||2577||18.89fps||8.25fps||120W|
|Ryzen 3 3100||449||2328||17.32fps||7.44fps||118W|
|Ryzen 7 2700X||408||3865||27.31fps||10.04fps||224W|
|Ryzen 5 2600||399||2810||20.39fps||7.09fps||130W|
|Core i9 10900K||545||6337||45.55fps||19.43fps||268W|
|Core i5 10600K||493||3587||26.40fps||11.84fps||177W|
|Core i9 9900K||520||5090||37.87fps||16.22fps||266W|
|Core i7 9700K||486||3759||28.77fps||13.12fps||171W|
|Core i5 9600K||450||2603||20.70fps||9.46fps||132W|
Looking at the Handbrake results, where we’re transcoding an MP4 video to h.264 and HEVC using the Production Standard preset and CRF 18 quality setting, it’s a similar story with major increases across the board for Ryzen 5000. The 5900X’s HEVC encode rate of 25.42fps effectively ties the 3950X at 25.59fps, an insane coup considering that the 3950X is a 16-core part and the 5900X has only 12. The h.264 results are a little more distant, with the 5900X managing 60.49fps to the 3950X’s 64.73fps, but it’s still a respectable 17 per cent increase over the 51.80fps we saw for the 3900X last year.
We also measured power consumption in these tests, which makes these achievements even more impressive. The Ryzen 5900X achieved its excellent HEVC result with total system power consumption measured at 220W, compared to 214W for the 5800X, nearly 300W for the 3950X and 268W for the 10900K.
These are impressive results, so let’s see whether they translate into gaming efficiency. We’ll test each chip in a range of games at 1080p, 1440p and 4K, where we expect to see the greatest differences at 1080p because we’ll be most CPU-bound in that scenario.
Each processor has been paired with the RTX 2080 Ti, as our current workload hasn’t permitted a full retest with the RTX 3080 – which remains in short supply anyway. These outcomes should still be illuminating even if you’re on a slower GPU though, as we’d expect similar gaps in performance even from mainstream GPUs at 1080p. To give you some context, an RTX 2080 Ti at 4K (as evaluated here) provides roughly equivalent performance to a GTX 1660 running at 1080p. Higher resolutions, like 1440p and 4K, ought to be more dependent on GPU performance – especially in the challenging video game scenes we’ve selected – but differences from CPU to CPU can still crop up, so do look at the full range of outcomes. Likewise, we encourage you to take a look at other Ryzen 5000 reviews out there on YouTube and the web to gain a more comprehensive understanding of how these processors perform in a wider range of circumstances.
With all that stated, let’s get going!
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X and Ryzen 7 5800X analysis